Do you mine Ethereum for fun? Then the numbers might not mean a lot to you. Though chances are you want to rake in some money from your venture, so the numbers matter to you. There are many ETH mining calculators you can use online and they give valid results.
However, these calculators may not consider all the factors that affect the profitability of ETH mining. That is why if you use a number of calculators you end up with different figures. This article will look at the details that matter when you calculate the costs, revenue, and profits in ETH mining.
The Points Covered Will Include:
There are three ways you can mine Ethereum; each has its perks and demerits, they are solo mining, pool mining and outsourced (cloud) mining.
Solo mining might have the best payout of the three methods if you have the financial power to invest in several GPUs and pay mammoth electricity bills. To carry out solo mining successfully, you need to hit at least 100 mega hashes per second and this hash rate will increase as difficulty rises. However, you get all the rewards; they include payment for uncles on top of your earnings.
Cryptocurrency mining pools are popular among ETH miners because they allow you to mine ether with a modest hash rate. The hash rates of each miner in the pool aggregate to a level where members earn ETH profitably. The amount you earn is pegged on the speed or hash rate you have contributed. You receive you pay when the amount has reached a payout amount, which is decided by the pool.
Pool fees are usually pegged as a percentage and you have to foot the payout costs, which will be deducted from your earnings. While mining from a pool is advantageous if you don’t have the heavy mining hardware, the rewards and the pay you get might not be equal to what you’d have received if you mined solo. Some pools may pay you, plus all rewards while in others you might not get paid for uncles.
This is outsourcing the mining. Cloud mining companies will charge you a fee, usually for a fixed-term contract. A short contract might be one year.Cloud mining is profitable because the GPUs are bought in bulk, hence at discounts.
They have the option to base operations overseas, in countries where electricity costs are low.You can get a smart deal if the company hedges you against the fluctuations in the market. These companies also guarantee that the system is always online to maximize mining profits.
It is predicted that the difficulty to mine ETH will keep increasing even as miners increase because the amount of Ethereum is fixed. To better understand the difficulty, a description of hash rate will help.
Let’s look at these two words, hash and rate. A hash is a proof of work calculation that you do within a block. Once that block is done you move to the next one. All mined blocks are included within the blockchain. Hash rate implies the number of proof of work calculations in the network per given time. It is usually denoted per second.
The hash rate in the Ethereum network has been rising over the past few years.You would expect blocks to be mined faster with this rise but they are not because the network automatically adjusts difficulty so that a new block is mined at the constant time of 12 seconds. Consequently, you will always need a faster device which has a higher hash rate to mine.
However, a high hash rate does not guarantee profits; electricity is still a big factor. The hash rate is often denoted as mega hash per second, a million calculations in a second. It can also be labeled Giga hash, which is 1000 mega hash or terra hash; this has 1000 Giga hash.Simply put, a higher hash rate means greater mining speed.
To get something out of eth mining you need to put something in. The main costs you’ll face include the hardware and setup costs as well as the maintenance costs. These costs apply to solo mining and pool mining. For cloud mining, the fee you pay for a contract is your cost.
You need a computer, a GPU, and other accessories depending on the setup. The best GPU integrates a high capability to give you a high hash rate and economy in power consumption. You can also include cables, air conditioning equipment, and a power supply unit (PSU) among your hardware expenses.
For calculation purposes, you subtract these costs from the income. Once the income from ether has surpassed the initial cost of hardware, you are on the way to making profits.
Electricity costs vary from country to country. Mining consumes a lot of electricity. Apart from the power consumed by your mining hardware you might need to cool the room, this adds to your potential electricity costs.If you can keep your electricity costs minimal, you are bound to enjoy healthy returns on your investment. An efficient PSU is a shrewd investment if you look at the long run. Plus if you choose the most energy-efficient GPU that can offer a respectable hash rate, you’ll cut your power bills.
If you mine in a pool, you’ll pay a fee to belong as well as a payout fee charged on each payment sent to you. Pools don’t charge the same rates though the variation is low. These fees are another value you will subtract from your income.If you outsource, your contract states the amount of a year’s subscription to the cloud mining entity.
A successful mining operation will receive gas fees and payment for any uncles included in the block.
When you execute a transaction or contract in the Ethereum network, you use gas. A calculation that requires more hashes or computing capability will need more gas. While gas is not a token, it is usually measured and paid out as a fraction of ether. Gas is important because it assigns a value to transactions within the network. It prevents miners from performing computations that have no value to the system and makes it costly for scammers to attack.
The Ethereum network does not assign a value to gas because the market value of ether fluctuates while the difficulty to mine may not. As such, gas is focused on the mining costs. The price or value of ether is tied to external forces on the other hand.
Once you successfully mine a block and it is included in the blockchain, you will earn ether as well as gas set for that block, which is the computational cost of mining that block. As a miner, you’ll always target blocks with more gas allocated because it is more profitable. The amount of ether you get for gas is computed as gas used multiplied by gas price.
An uncle is a stale block, usually beat to the blockchain by another block. The Ethereum network compensates miners for these though they receive a lesser reward. As you mine a block, you’ll receive a reward for no more than two uncle blocks included. The pay you receive is for uncles up to six blocks back.
The maximum you receive for an uncle is 7/8 of the block reward. This pay reduces as you go back from the present block and there’s no reward beyond 6 steps back. Uncles are not a factor you can project accurately when estimating income; you’ll only know how much you earn from uncles when you have earned!
Predicting the cost in mining is easier than guessing how much you will earn because of the rising difficulty and the unpredictable returns you can earn in bonus payments.
To forecast costs for pool mining, sum the projected pool fees, electricity bills as well as installation and hardware costs. For solo mining, you incur electricity costs plus hardware and installation costs. With cloud mining, your costs are condensed into the contract charges. You can predict to a reasonable certainty how much ether you will mine based on your firepower, but there’s less certainty on the possible rewards.
They include the ether earned from all blocks (5 ETH) as well as the rewards. Revenues are easier to calculate after mining since you have all the information. However, a close estimate is possible once you know your hash rate. Note that in pool and cloud mining you might miss out on gas and payments for uncles depending on your contract.
When you have ether you are not yet home and dry. The value of ether is dependent on its current rate against the dollar. Whether you’ll hold the ETH or convert it to bitcoins or dollars will affect the profit or loss margins you make.
The price of ether against the dollar fluctuates, this volatility has attracted a number of speculators.